The D.A.R.E. program, Drug Abuse Resistance Education, was started by the LA Police Department Chief of Police, Daryl Gates, in the early 1980's. It blossomed from a tiny local program to a massive national campaign practicing in 75 percent of American schools. The message was simple, "Just Say No." Unfortunately, at its peak, D.A.R.E was also massively expensive costing millions of dollars to run ($200 million in 1995). The educational program's operating revenue declined from $10 million in 2002 to $3.7 million in 2010.
20 percent of American adults are cigarette smokers. Of these individuals, about 80 percent smoke daily. Cigarette smoke has been found to contain over 4,700 chemical substances with the most notable being nicotine. Nicotine in cigarettes, e-cigarettes, vapes, oral tobacco and even nicotine patches all contain carcinogenic substances such as hydrocarbons and tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNA). Nicotine use is the most preventable form of cancer and death known to mankind.
Our brain is a very complex organ. The average brain weighs about three pounds and is about 15 centimeters long. The cortex of the brain is the most superficial layer and in many ways is the most important part. Most of the brain cells start in the cortex and then extend through the deeper layers and out through the spinal cord to control all of our functions. The cortex is a series of folds that if stretched out would be about two and a half square feet. This contains billions of nerve cells called neurons. All of these neurons help make us sophisticated beings and more complex than any other organism on earth.
Pain in the low back region and upper legs can be caused by a few different joints. Depending on the symptoms, the pain could be from spine arthritis or hip arthritis. It's important to accurately diagnosis the source of pain as the treatments can be different.
Now that we’re past Thanksgiving, it's important to remember that holiday cooking safety is still in full force. We’re not out of the woods yet! Here are some things to keep in mind as you prepare for your December holiday celebrations.
The Denver area offers several exciting events and activities during the holiday season. If you haven’t made plans for the holidays yet, check out these fun festivities that are taking place in Denver and Lone Tree.
The Center for Disease Control says adults should exercise moderately for 2 ½ hours per week and engage in vigorous activity for 1 ¼ hours per week. However, the average American only does about 17 minutes of fitness activities per day. That's about 2 ½ times less than the average teenager and about 4 minutes more than seniors over the age of 70. Because of this overwhelming inactivity by the average American adult, body-wide arthritis rates continue to increase. However, very little spine arthritis has been found in prehistoric skeletons. And it's not just because we are living longer and eating more foods that are less nutritious. A recent study at Harvard indicates that it's actually in part due to lower activity levels and sitting.
Low back and leg pain is very common. It has many causes including arthritic and degenerating discs and joints in the spine which compress the nerves. The cause and standard treatment strategies have been well studied over many decades. Spine surgeons and other treatment providers are now confident in the traditional therapy, injections and even surgeries we offer.